Difference between revisions of "Getting Started With 3D Printed Design"

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= Workshop Outline =
 
= Workshop Outline =
  
== What is 3D Printing? ==
+
# What is 3D Printing?
 +
# Design an Object
 +
## Introducing Google SketchUp
 +
# MeshLab Manipulations
 +
# NetFabb Tools
 +
# Slicing Fabjects
 +
# Printing to MakerBot Machines
 +
# Printing to RepRap Machines
 +
# Using the ArtEngine MakerBot Cupcake
 +
 
 +
= What is 3D Printing? =
  
 
* What is 3D?
 
* What is 3D?
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*** Cost: Very High
 
*** Cost: Very High
 
*** Tech: High-power lasers fuse any meltable material, from plastics up to metals like titanium.
 
*** Tech: High-power lasers fuse any meltable material, from plastics up to metals like titanium.
*** Advantages: Produce replacement parts on demand for your fighter jet on an aircraft carrier. Fused material might be recyclable.
+
*** Advantages:
*** Disadvantages: See Cost.
+
**** Produce replacement parts on demand for your fighter jet on an aircraft carrier.
 +
**** Fused material might be recyclable.
 +
*** Disadvantages:
 +
****See Cost.
 
** Ink-Jet Powder+Binder
 
** Ink-Jet Powder+Binder
 
*** Cost: Medium
 
*** Cost: Medium
 
*** Tech:  Lays down layers of powder and "prints" the design using a glue-like binder.
 
*** Tech:  Lays down layers of powder and "prints" the design using a glue-like binder.
*** Advantages: Can do colour. Model structures are self-supporting via unused powder. "Green" parts can be infused with materials from glue to molten metal to strengthen. Unused powder can be reused.
+
*** Advantages:
*** Disadvantages: "Green" parts are fragile. Hollow parts will trap binder if no exit holes are designed in. Fabricated objects may be difficult or impossible to recycle back into machine inputs.
+
**** Can do colour.
 +
**** Model structures are self-supporting via unused powder.
 +
**** "Green" parts can be infused with materials from glue to molten metal to strengthen.
 +
**** Unused powder can be reused.
 +
*** Disadvantages:
 +
**** "Green" parts are fragile.
 +
**** Hollow parts will trap binder if no exit holes are designed in.
 +
**** Fabricated objects may be difficult or impossible to recycle back into machine inputs.
 
** Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM)
 
** Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM)
 
*** Cost: Low
 
*** Cost: Low
 
*** Tech:  An extruder head deposits melted material (like plastic) or pastes to build up an object layer-by-layer.
 
*** Tech:  An extruder head deposits melted material (like plastic) or pastes to build up an object layer-by-layer.
*** Advantages: Cheap. Can be completely hollow and air-tight. Can be vestment-cast with molten metal. Simple machine design. For thermoplastic and similar materials, fabricated objects can be melted back down and reused.
+
*** Advantages:
*** Disadvantages: Large overhangs require support material. Multiple colours and/or materials require complex multi-head extruder designs.
+
**** Cheap.
 +
**** Can be completely hollow and air-tight.
 +
**** Can be vestment-cast with molten metal.
 +
**** Simple machine design.
 +
**** For thermoplastic and similar materials, fabricated objects can be melted back down and reused.
 +
*** Disadvantages:
 +
**** Large overhangs require support material.
 +
**** Multiple colours and/or materials require complex multi-head extruder designs.
  
=== Links ===
+
== Links ==
 
* http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/3D_printing
 
* http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/3D_printing
  
== Design an Object ==
+
= Design an Object =
  
=== Introducing Google SketchUp ===
+
== Introducing Google SketchUp ==
  
 
* Download: http://sketchup.google.com/
 
* Download: http://sketchup.google.com/
  
==== Basic Shapes ====
+
=== Basic Shapes ===
 
* Creating shapes
 
* Creating shapes
 
* Creating rulers for precision
 
* Creating rulers for precision
 
* Snap to lines, shapes, rulers.
 
* Snap to lines, shapes, rulers.
  
==== Useful Operations ====
+
=== Useful Operations ===
 
* 2D to 3D
 
* 2D to 3D
 
** Extrude: the Pull operation.
 
** Extrude: the Pull operation.
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* 3D Boolean Operations
 
* 3D Boolean Operations
  
==== Troubleshooting ====
+
=== Troubleshooting ===
 
* When is a mesh not solid?
 
* When is a mesh not solid?
 
* Tricks to fixing meshes so they're solid.
 
* Tricks to fixing meshes so they're solid.
  
==== Exporting ====
+
=== Exporting ===
* STL
+
* STL - Get Plug-in: http://www.guitar-list.com/download-software/convert-sketchup-skp-files-dxf-or-stl
 
* Collada (DAE)
 
* Collada (DAE)
  
== MeshLab Manipulations ==
+
== Other Resources ==
 +
 
 +
* Video Tutorials: http://sketchup.google.com/intl/en/training/videos.html
 +
* Beginning Google SketchUp for 3D Printing: http://my.safaribooksonline.com/book/animation-and-3d/9781430233619
 +
 
 +
= MeshLab Manipulations =
  
 
* Download:  http://www.meshlab.org/
 
* Download:  http://www.meshlab.org/
  
* Checking models for manifoldness
+
* Useful for:
* Basic fixing operations
+
** Checking models for manifoldness
* Basic scaling operations
+
** Basic fixing operations
 +
** Basic scaling operations
 +
 
 +
= NetFabb Tools =
  
== NetFabb Tools ==
+
Useful for semi-automated and fully automated repair of meshes, particularly for submission of data to fabrication services such as Shapeways and Ponoko.
  
* Pointer to netfabb's online mesh repair: http://cloud.netfabb.com/
+
* Online mesh repair: http://cloud.netfabb.com/
* Pointer to netfabb Studio Basic: http://www.netfabb.com/basic.php
+
* Offline netfabb Studio Basic: http://www.netfabb.com/basic.php
  
== Slicing Fabjects ==
+
= Slicing Fabjects =
  
=== ReplicatorG ===
+
== ReplicatorG ==
  
 
* Download:  http://replicat.org/
 
* Download:  http://replicat.org/
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* Read the resulting GCode.
 
* Read the resulting GCode.
  
=== GCode Visualization (Optional) ===
+
== GCode Visualization (Optional) ==
  
 
* For Mac: http://www.pleasantsoftware.com/developer/pleasant3d/index.shtml
 
* For Mac: http://www.pleasantsoftware.com/developer/pleasant3d/index.shtml
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* For Blender GCode reader plug-in (all platforms): https://github.com/zignig/blender-gcode-reader
 
* For Blender GCode reader plug-in (all platforms): https://github.com/zignig/blender-gcode-reader
  
== Printing to MakerBot Machines ==
+
= Printing to MakerBot Machines =
  
 
* Print Direct
 
* Print Direct
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** Thing-O-Matic: Faster than dumping data over serial link.  Useful for preparing files for multiple "identical" machines.
 
** Thing-O-Matic: Faster than dumping data over serial link.  Useful for preparing files for multiple "identical" machines.
  
== Printing to RepRap Machines ==
+
= Printing to RepRap Machines =
 
'''Paul add stuff here.'''
 
'''Paul add stuff here.'''
  
== Using the ArtEngine MakerBot Cupcake ==
+
= Using the ArtEngine MakerBot Cupcake =
  
 
See http://artengine.ca/modlab/index.php/MakerBot
 
See http://artengine.ca/modlab/index.php/MakerBot
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* 3DTin
 
* 3DTin
 +
** WebGL pixel/voxel editor.
 
** Baby Steps
 
** Baby Steps
 
** Site: http://3dtin.com/
 
** Site: http://3dtin.com/
 +
 +
* TinkerCAD
 +
** WebGL powered design
 +
** Site: http://tinkercad.com/
  
 
* Google SketchUp
 
* Google SketchUp
** Layman's CAD
+
** Layman's (Free=Beer) CAD
 
** Site: http://sketchup.google.com/
 
** Site: http://sketchup.google.com/
  
 
* Blender
 
* Blender
 +
** Free (Open Source) Mesh Editing
 
** B(u)y the Book(s)
 
** B(u)y the Book(s)
 
** Site: http://blender.org/
 
** Site: http://blender.org/
  
 
* OpenSCAD
 
* OpenSCAD
 +
** Free (Open Source) Solid Model Coding
 
** The Coder Way
 
** The Coder Way
 
** Site: http://openscad.org/
 
** Site: http://openscad.org/
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** Not heavily developed.
 
** Not heavily developed.
 
** Handy for experimental slicing, generating DXF slices for 2.5D modeling.
 
** Handy for experimental slicing, generating DXF slices for 2.5D modeling.
 +
 +
* Slic3r
 +
** Site: http://slic3r.org/
 +
** Targeted at RepRap machines.
  
 
=== Printer Interfaces ===
 
=== Printer Interfaces ===
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** Cupcake CNC
 
** Cupcake CNC
 
** Thing-O-Matic
 
** Thing-O-Matic
 +
** Replicator
  
 
==== MakerGear ====
 
==== MakerGear ====
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==== Ultimaker ====
 
==== Ultimaker ====
 
'''Note:''' It hasn't been released yet but the videos suggest it's going to be wicked-fast.
 
  
 
* Site: http://www.ultimaker.com/
 
* Site: http://www.ultimaker.com/

Latest revision as of 08:46, 8 March 2012

Workshop Outline

  1. What is 3D Printing?
  2. Design an Object
    1. Introducing Google SketchUp
  3. MeshLab Manipulations
  4. NetFabb Tools
  5. Slicing Fabjects
  6. Printing to MakerBot Machines
  7. Printing to RepRap Machines
  8. Using the ArtEngine MakerBot Cupcake

What is 3D Printing?

  • What is 3D?
    • 2D: Drawings, paintings.
    • 3D: Sculpture, things we use.
  • What is Printing?
    • Depositing material. Paint, graphite, ink.
  • What is 3D Printing?
    • Depositing material to make a 3D object.
  • How does a 3D Printer work?
    • Selective Laser Sintering (SLS)
      • Cost: Very High
      • Tech: High-power lasers fuse any meltable material, from plastics up to metals like titanium.
      • Advantages:
        • Produce replacement parts on demand for your fighter jet on an aircraft carrier.
        • Fused material might be recyclable.
      • Disadvantages:
        • See Cost.
    • Ink-Jet Powder+Binder
      • Cost: Medium
      • Tech: Lays down layers of powder and "prints" the design using a glue-like binder.
      • Advantages:
        • Can do colour.
        • Model structures are self-supporting via unused powder.
        • "Green" parts can be infused with materials from glue to molten metal to strengthen.
        • Unused powder can be reused.
      • Disadvantages:
        • "Green" parts are fragile.
        • Hollow parts will trap binder if no exit holes are designed in.
        • Fabricated objects may be difficult or impossible to recycle back into machine inputs.
    • Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM)
      • Cost: Low
      • Tech: An extruder head deposits melted material (like plastic) or pastes to build up an object layer-by-layer.
      • Advantages:
        • Cheap.
        • Can be completely hollow and air-tight.
        • Can be vestment-cast with molten metal.
        • Simple machine design.
        • For thermoplastic and similar materials, fabricated objects can be melted back down and reused.
      • Disadvantages:
        • Large overhangs require support material.
        • Multiple colours and/or materials require complex multi-head extruder designs.

Links

Design an Object

Introducing Google SketchUp

Basic Shapes

  • Creating shapes
  • Creating rulers for precision
  • Snap to lines, shapes, rulers.

Useful Operations

  • 2D to 3D
    • Extrude: the Pull operation.
  • 3D Text
  • 3D Boolean Operations

Troubleshooting

  • When is a mesh not solid?
  • Tricks to fixing meshes so they're solid.

Exporting

Other Resources

MeshLab Manipulations

  • Useful for:
    • Checking models for manifoldness
    • Basic fixing operations
    • Basic scaling operations

NetFabb Tools

Useful for semi-automated and fully automated repair of meshes, particularly for submission of data to fabrication services such as Shapeways and Ponoko.

Slicing Fabjects

ReplicatorG

  • Basic STL positioning and scaling operations.
  • Hooks into Skeinforge (included).
    • Turn on skeinview
  • Read the resulting GCode.

GCode Visualization (Optional)

Printing to MakerBot Machines

  • Print Direct
    • Cupcake: Only print direct for simple designs. The serial link bogs down too easily when there are lots of small movements as found in curves and circles.
    • Thing-O-Matic: No issues printing directly.
  • Print Buffering to SD Card
    • Cupcake: Preferred over direct printing. Necessary for stand-alone operation.
    • Thing-O-Matic: Optional. Necessary for stand-alone operation.
  • Print to File (aka SD Card in USB reader)
    • Cupcake: Faster than dumping data over serial link. Useful for preparing files for multiple "identical" machines.
    • Thing-O-Matic: Faster than dumping data over serial link. Useful for preparing files for multiple "identical" machines.

Printing to RepRap Machines

Paul add stuff here.

Using the ArtEngine MakerBot Cupcake

See http://artengine.ca/modlab/index.php/MakerBot

Resources

Design Flows on a Budget

Modelling Software

Visualization, Assembly and Mesh Repair

Slice'n'Dice

Printer Interfaces

Models and Mash-Ups

Printers

Open Source - Parent Projects

RepRap Project

Open Source Hardware - Commercial

MakerBot

MakerGear

Ultimaker

3D Printing Services